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Obesity

The accepted index for measuring obesity is the BMI (Body Mass Index), which is defined as the body weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters. Obesity is defined as a condition in which the BMI index is higher than 30.

Relation to social mobility

Obesity hurts income levels, mental health, and the individual’s/family’s economic situation - both for women and men – due to the costs of treatment of the resulting morbidity.

Importance

Important

preschool until end of junior high

Sources

אברהים, עבוד ושטרן (2013). “המדריך לטיפול בסוכרת”, המועצה הלאומית לסוכרת, משרד הבריאות

בשאראת וטור-סיני (2017. “דרושה תכנית חירום לאומית: סוכרת והשמנה באוכלוסיה הערבית”, רפואת אורחות חיים

Cawley (2015). “An economy of scales: A selective review of obesity’s economic causes, consequences, and solutions”, National Library of Medicine.

Brunello & D’Hombres (2016). “Does body weight affect wages? Evidence from Europe”, National Library of Medicine.

Janssen et al. (2005). “Comparison of overweight and obesity prevalence in school-aged youth from 34 countries and their relationships with physical activity and dietary patterns”, Obesity Reviews.

Stice, Shaw & Marti (2006). “A meta-analytic review of obesity prevention programs for children and adolescents: the skinny on interventions that work”, National Library of Medicine.

De Bourdeaudhuij et al (2011). “School-based interventions promoting both physical activity and healthy eating in Europe: a systematic review within the HOPE project”, National Library of Medicine.

What to Influence

Ways to Influence

Birth to six

preschool to the end of junior high

Changing dietary and behavioral habits

preschool to the end of junior high

Change of habits and behavior within the family framework, physical activity

Elementary school ages

preschool to the end of junior high

Changing dietary and behavioral habits

preschool to the end of junior high

Change of habits and behavior within the family framework, physical activity

Post-primary ages

preschool to the end of junior high

Changing dietary and behavioral habits

preschool to the end of junior high

Change of habits and behavior within the family framework, physical activity

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