A feeling of distress resulting from disturbance to the state of mental balance, caused by physical or psychological stimulation. This sensation may result in difficulties in coping with the stressor and a lack of behavioral or psychological adaptation (depression and anxiety) or physiological (immunosuppression, high blood pressure, etc.).

Relation to social mobility

Chronic stress during childhood increases chances of emotional issues, health problems (e.g. anxiety and depression), and behavioral problems (e.g. drug abuse) later in life.



early childhood, infancy, and early elementary school years


: from mid-elementary school to the beginning of junior high

What to Influence

Ways to Influence

Birth to six

How to influence