Math Skills

Definition The abilities to understand the role of mathematics in the world, to perform well-thought-out calculations, and to use and engage in mathematics in ways that befit a conscientious, responsible, helpful, and capable person, with the ability to observe and respond to surroundings.

Relation to social mobility

Achievement in math affects achievement in other areas, including higher education and income. Its absence is correlated to dropping out



infancy and elementary school ages, high school


the transition between elementary and middle school, the transition between junior high and high school.


אייל קמחי ואריק הורוביץ (2015), “החשיבות של היקף לימודי המתמטיקה בתיכון ללימודים אקדמיים ולקריירה העתידית של התלמידים בישראל”, מכון טאוב

Jordan, Kaplan, Ramineni, & Locuniak, (2009). “Early math matters: Kindergarten number competence and later mathematics outcomes”, Developmental Psychology.

Siegler et al. (2012). “Early Predictors of High School Mathematics Achievement”, Psychological Science.

Li-Grining, Votruba-Drzal, Maldonado-Carreño, Haas, (2010), “Children’s early approaches to learning and academic trajectories through fifth grade”, Dev Psychology.

Siegler & Ramani, (2009), “Playing Linear Number Board Games-But Not Circular Ones-Improves Low-Income Preschoolers’ Numerical Understanding, Journal of Educational Psychology.

Siegler & Ramani (2008). “Playing linear numerical board games promotes low-income children’s numerical development”. Developmental Science.

Seigler (2009), ” Improving the Numerical Understanding of Children From Low-Income Families”, Child Development Perspectives.

Räsänen, Salminen, Wilson, Aunio, & Dehaene, (2009). “Computer-assisted intervention for children with low numeracy skills”. Cognitive Development.

Slavin & Cheung (2013), ” The effectiveness of educational technology applications for enhancing mathematics achievement in K-12 classrooms: A meta-analysis”, Educational Research Review.

Heller & Greenleaf (2007). “Literacy Instruction in the Content Areas: Getting to the Core of Middle and High School Improvement”, ERIC

Slavin et al. (2009). “Effective Reading Programs for the Elementary Grades: A Best-Evidence Synthesis”, Review of Educational Research.

What to Influence

Ways to Influence

Birth to six

age of infancy to elementary school

Basic numeric capabilities

age of infancy to elementary school

Exposure to mathematics in daily life, professionalism of teachers, cultivation of metacognitive abilities (supervision, control, memory), accompanying the transition from kindergarten to elementary school

Elementary school ages

elementary school

understanding fractions

transitions between elementary to junior high

learning skills and work habits

elementary school

Through professionalism of teachers

transitions between elementary to junior high

Support of the transition and dealing with absences
How to Influence in high school

Post-primary ages

transitions between junior high to high school

learning skills and work habits

high school

Gender motivational differences
High mathematical capabilities (patterns, models, algebra, derivate calculations, etc.)
patterns, models, algebra, derivate calculations, etc.

transitions between junior high to high school

Support of the transition and dealing with absences

high school

Cultivation of professionalism of teachers, boosting of motivation, personalized learning programs