Bonding Social Capital

An array of high-quality relationships that the individual maintains within his/her affiliation group (including family members, friends, and neighbors), characterized by reciprocity, a sense of belonging, and trust. This provides different types of support (instrumental, financial, identity, and emotional).
Advancing factor

Relation to social mobility

Studies from Israel and abroad point to the lack of bonding social capital – which leads to a lack of financial, instrumental, informative, and emotional support – as a major barrier to success in the transition stages to adulthood, consistent implementation of decisions, adapting to changes, and handling crises.


Abbott, M., & Reilly, A. (2019). The Role of Social Capital in Supporting Economic Mobility. Cohen, S., & Wills, T. A. (1985). Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis. Psychological bulletin, 98(2), 310. Fernandes-Alcantara. A. L., (2014). Volnurable youth: Background and Policies. Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service Sulimani-Aidan, Y. (2020). Social networks during the transition to adulthood from the perspective of Israeli care leavers and their social workers. Children and Youth Services Review, 105075. Sulimani-Aidan, Y., & Melkman, E. (2018). Risk and resilience in the transition to adulthood from the point of view of care leavers and caseworkers. Children and Youth Services Review, 88, 135-140.

Desirable achievements

Ages 18-25
Ages 26-35

Key population

  • Individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds
  • women
  • non-conformist individuals in traditional societies
Variables relevant to a support network are particularly dominant in the distinction between "mobility" and "everything else", and "poverty" and "everything else", among non-religious populations from a background of poverty. The lack of a support network is a barrier that explains interesting differences found in the CBS analyses between religious and secular populations. In particular: the lack of a supporting network is one of the explanations for why – in the religious society – being single or divorced is a variable that distinguishes between the "poverty" group and "the rest", and why the variable "number of children" behaves differently among religious and non-religious people (in religious society, multi-child families are found less the "poverty" group while the situation is reversed among non-religious society).